MOSCOW (MRC) -- A proposed US refined product export ban would save US consumers at the gasoline pump but pose significant challenges and costs to US and global refining systems, according to a recent analysis from Wood Mackenzie, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.
Using its Refinery Supply Model, Wood Mackenzie estimates that a proposed US oil product ban could save US consumers USD5 B in gasoline prices. It would also increase USD2 B in distillate costs to European trading partners and erase USD30 B in earning from US refiners, while boosting earnings for refiners abroad.
“Our models show that the potential ban would save US consumers on gasoline, but any potential savings would be based on new global trade routes being established efficiently, which is not a guarantee,” said Alan Gelder, VP Refining, Chemicals & Oil at Wood Mackenzie. “Prices could go higher if there are disruptions in this process, eroding US consumer savings. In the long-term, US refineries could see lower future investments, which threatens future US supply."
Wood Mackenzie estimates that a US refined product export ban would create a 1.4 MMbpd distillate gasoline supply gap globally and would decrease US crude runs by 1.5 MMbpd, primarily affecting Gulf Coast refiners. The US would still require gasoline imports to meet demand.
To fill this supply gap would require record export levels from China, Russia and the Middle East. “There is enough global capacity to cover US exports to Europe and Latin America, but it would require extraordinary circumstances, record exports and elevated refinery utilization levels from China, Russia and the Middle East,” said Raul Calzada, Research Analyst, North America Refining Assets. Caldaza added: “Refined products from China would have to more than double their 2021 totals to fulfill European demands.”
We remind, China's diesel exports in September surged to their highest in more than a year while aviation fuel shipments were the most in 29 months as refiners rushed to cash in on robust export margins. Exports of diesel fuel last month more than doubled from a year earlier to 1.73 MMt last month, the highest monthly rate since July 2021, according to data from the General Administration of Customs.
That was up from 830,000 tons in August and 780,000 tons a year ago.