MOSCOW (MRC) -- KraussMaffei Berstorff has recently developed a highly cost-effective production process for multilayer PVC floor coverings, also referred to as Luxury Vinyl Tiles (LVT)? said the producer in its press-release.
In contrast to conventional multistage processes using calenders or belt presses, compounding and tile production are performed in a single cycle with the material being heated up only once. Offering a range of convincing benefits, LVT floor coverings are an attractive alternative to laminate flooring, which is why they are in high demand worldwide.
LVT flooring is composed of a highly filled core layer - usually provided with an integrated glass mat – plus decorative film and a wear protection layer. While the glass mat gives strength and dimensional stability, the core layer provides flatness of the floor covering and impact sound insulation. For this purpose, the PVC sheet material is filled up to 60 to 70% with mineral additives to obtain thick sheeting of high density and weight. The decorative film is laminated to the thick sheeting to produce the desired design and the product is rounded off by wear protection layers of different thickness depending on the future application.
Similar to roofing sheets, the three-layer floor covering core is produced on two twin-screw extruders and two smoothing calenders. The first extruder - used for plasticizing and homogenizing a PVC compound - is equipped with a side feeder to incorporate a high mineral filler share and additional additives. The material leaving the extruder is applied to the glass mat on the first downstream smoothing calender.
The composite obtained is then guided through the second smoothing calender to apply the PVC compound - previously processed on the second extruder - to the other side of the glass mat. This method offers the decisive benefit that processing, compounding and tile production are carried out in-line, which is of fundamental importance for heat-sensitive PVC in particular. Downstream from the second smoothing calender, the three-layer core material is provided with the decorative film and the wear protection layer. The five-layer composite then passes through an embossing station as well as a temperature control section to ensure dimensional stability before being cut to size.
We remind that KraussMaffei Berstorff (Munich, Germany) presented its innovative concept for producing weatherproof sheets based on renewable raw materials to a 60 customers during a live demonstration in Munich on March 12, 2014.
As MRC wrote earlier, two leading pipe manufacturers from Russia have recently chosen KraussMaffei Berstorff as a systems supplier for premium-quality technology and invested in PO pipe extrusion systems.
The KraussMaffei Group is a global leader in the plastics and rubber processing industries. The company covers all areas of injection molding machinery, extrusion technology and reaction process machinery, which gives it a unique selling point in the industry.