MOSCOW (MRC) -- Kazakhstan, the world's largest landlocked country, increased oil exports that bypassed Russia last year, but was still heavily reliant on supply channels via its neighbor, Reuters calculations based on industry data and sources show, said Reuters.
Kazakhstan has sought ways to decrease its dependence on Russian exporting routes as it has often faced difficulties in selling oil through Russia.
Kazakh oil is not subject to Western sanctions, unlike Russian crude, although the sanctions have created problems for some Kazakh products.
The main, and most profitable, route for oil exports from Kazakhstan remains the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC), which supplies oil to the global market via a Russian Black Sea terminal.
Supplies via CPC dipped 1% last year to 51.99 MMt, accounting for more than 80% of total oil supplies from Kazakhstan. CPC faced maintenance and other issues, which hindered oil exports in 2022.
According to Reuters calculations based on industry data and sources, Kazakhstan's oil exports via routes other than Russia reached 1.80 MMt (36,000 barrels per day) last year, up by 638,000 tons from 2021.
That included 1.26 MMt delivered to China, 214,000 tons sent via the Georgian port of Batumi, 141,000 tons to the oil refinery in Baku, 109,000 tons to the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline and 80,000 tons to Uzbekistan.
We remind, Silleno LLP, a joint venture between Russia's SIBUR Holding and Kazakhstan's national oil and gas company KazMunayGas, will soon start Front End Engineering Design for a polyethylene plant in Kazakhstan, Sergei Komyshan, SIBUR's executive director of marketing and sales. "FEED usually takes a year or so," he said. Commenting on SIBUR's plans in Russia in 2023, Komyshan said the company has considered various scenarios for oil production and refining in Russia and was preparing for any options in terms of feedstock supply.