Stronger U.S. dollar contributes to higher crude oil prices in international markets

Stronger U.S. dollar contributes to higher crude oil prices in international markets

MOSCOW (MRC) -- The price of Brent crude oil, the world benchmark, has increased in 2022, partly as a result of Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. In addition, a strong U.S. dollar means that countries that use currencies other than the U.S. dollar pay more as crude oil prices increase, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

Since June 1, 2021, the Brent crude oil price has increased by 59% in U.S. dollars and by 86% in euros. The U.S. dollar index measures the value of the U.S. dollar against six currencies: the euro, yen, British pound, Canadian dollar, Swiss franc, and Swedish krona. When the U.S. dollar index increases, it means the U.S. dollar is gaining value against those currencies. Conversely, it also means those other currencies are losing value against the U.S. dollar.

Crude oil is generally priced in U.S. dollars, so purchases in other currencies are not only affected by the dollar price of crude oil but also by the exchange rate to the dollar. The price of crude oil and the value of the dollar generally move in opposite directions so these factors offset each other. Recently, however, the price of Brent crude oil and the value of the U.S. dollar have both increased.

Recent increases in short-term U.S. treasury yields may be contributing to higher demand for U.S. government bonds, which increases demand for U.S. dollars and, therefore, the value of the U.S. dollar against other currencies.

The value of the U.S. dollar also increases when it is considered a safer investment compared with other currencies. Recent global events, including Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine and concerns caused by COVID-19 mobility restrictions in China, may also be increasing demand for the U.S. dollar.

As per MRC, Oil prices were mixed on Monday as investor fears of a global recession spurred by lockdowns in China and weak economic data vied with signs the European Union was stepping closer to an import ban on Russian crude.
Brent crude was down 18 cents, or 0.2%, at USD111.37 a barrel at 1342 GMT, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude rose 2 cents, or less than 0.1%, to USD110.51 a barrel. The fall in oil prices "is chiefly due to the weak Chinese economic data, as the lockdown measures are having a direct impact on the world’s second-largest market," said Barbara Lambrecht, energy analyst at Commerzbank.

As per MRC, Russian fuel oil arrivals in the UAE oil hub of Fujairah are set to jump sharply to about 2.5 MM barrels this month, data shows, in a sign that flows of Russian oil and refined products are shifting away from Europe.

We remind, oil prices fell on Monday as concerns over weak economic growth in China, the world's top oil importer, overshadowed fears supply might be crimped by a potential European Union ban on Russian crude.
mrchub.com

Singapore key exports continued to develop at a slower tempo in April

Singapore key exports continued to develop at a slower tempo in April

MOSCOW (MRC) -- The value of Singapore's non-oil domestic exports (NODX) rose 6.4% year over year in April, slower than the 7.7% expansion in March, as exports of electronic products fell on a monthly basis, said Businesstimes.

The pace of growth in April was almost in line with the market's consensus forecast, according to ING Bank economist Nicholas Mapa. The city-state's exports of electronic products rose 12.8% year over year in April, faster than the 11.5% expansion in March, driven by strong shipments of integrated circuits, IC parts and telecommunications equipment.

Non-electronic exports, meanwhile, rose 4.6% last month, retreating from the 6.8% jump in March. The sustained increase was driven by higher exports of specialized machinery, measuring instruments and structures of ships of boats.

The largest contributors to Singapore's NODX growth in April were Taiwan, Malaysia and the US. Exports to China, Hong Kong and South Korea declined. Singapore's overall foreign trade grew 21.8% in April from a year earlier, speeding up from the 17.6% expansion in March. Total exports, including oil, climbed 19.5%, while imports grew 24.4%.

On a month-over-month basis, Singapore's total trade rose 3.4%, weaker than the 4.2% rise between February and March. Exports edged up 3.3% on a seasonally adjusted basis in April, gaining speed from the 0.4% jump in March, while imports rose 3.4%, easing from the 8.6% jump the previous month.

ING's Mapa warned that NODX could moderate in the coming months "on China slump and slower global demand." Singapore's NODX to China slumped 10.6% year over year in April, reversing the 4.7% jump in March.

As per MRC, Singapore's chemicals cluster output fell by 2.7% year on year in February while overall manufacturing production was up by 17.6%. On a year-on-year basis, output in the specialties, petrochemicals and other chemicals segments contracted by 2.0%, 3.1% and 8.8%, respectively in February, the Economic Development Board (EDB) said in a statement.
mrchub.com

China index of export container transport down 6% MoM in April

China index of export container transport down 6% MoM in April

MOSCOW (MRC) -- The China Containerized Freight Index (CCFI), the index of export container transport, witnessed a decline of 6 per cent month on month (MoM) to reach 3,131.53 in April 2022, according to data released by the Shanghai Shipping Exchange, said Fibre2fashion.

The drop was led by the sub-reading for the Persian Gulf/Red Sea service that dropped by 15.8 per cent month on month in April, followed by the sub-reading of the South America service which decreased by 14.3 per cent compared to the previous month, said Chinese media reports quoting the data shared by the Shanghai Shipping Exchange.

Japan service’s sub-reading witnessed an increase of 6.3 per cent in April, compared to March. The index tracks contractual and spot freight rates for 12 international shipping routes from Chinese container ports. It is based on data from twenty-two international carriers. It was set at 1,000 in 1998.

As per MRC, oil prices were mixed as investor fears of a global recession spurred by lockdowns in China and weak economic data vied with signs the European Union was stepping closer to an import ban on Russian crude.
Brent crude was down 18 cents, or 0.2%, at USD111.37 a barrel at 1342 GMT, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude rose 2 cents, or less than 0.1%, to USD110.51 a barrel. The fall in oil prices "is chiefly due to the weak Chinese economic data, as the lockdown measures are having a direct impact on the world’s second-largest market," said Barbara Lambrecht, energy analyst at Commerzbank.
mrchub.com

Borouge to sell 10% of its shares via IPO

Borouge to sell 10% of its shares via IPO

MOSCOW (MRC) -- Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and its Austrian chemicals partner Borealis plan an initial public offering of their petrochemicals joint venture Borouge, the latest step in the Abu Dhabi state energy group's asset monetisation programme, said Reuters.

The offering will consist of around 3bn ordinary shares representing 10% of the petrochemical producer’s issued share capital, Borouge said in a statement. The offering will run from 23 May to 28 May for retail investors.

The company expects its shares to be admitted for trading on the ADX on 3 June. Borouge is a 50:50 joint venture between Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and Austria-based producer Borealis.

Under the IPO plan, ADNOC will hold a 54% shareholding in Borouge, while Borealis' stake will be 36% in the joint venture firm. Borouge’s production capacity currently stands at around 2.7m tonnes/year of polyethylene (PE) and 2.2m tonnes/year of polypropylene (PP), according to the company.

The company in March this year started up its new 480,000 tonne/year fifth polypropylene (PP) unit at its Ruwais site.

We remind, Borealis (Vienna), a leading producer of polyolefins, has delayed the start-up of a new, world-scale propane dehydrogenation (PDH) plant at its existing production site at Kallo, Belgium, which is the company's biggest investment in Europe, until Q3 2023, citing Covid-19. The plant in Kallo in the port of Antwerp was previously targeted to begin operations by the end of next year.

Borealis is owned by OMV AG and Mubadala Investment Co., the Abu Dhabi state investment company. Borealis is a leading provider of innovative solutions in the fields of polyolefins, base chemicals and fertilizers. With headquarters in Vienna, Austria, Borealis currently employs around 6,500 and operates in over 120 countries.
mrchub.com

Sea-borne oil a lifeline as German, Polish refiners swerve Russian supply

Sea-borne oil a lifeline as German, Polish refiners swerve Russian supply

MOSCOW (MRC) -- Sea-borne oil has thrown a lifeline to refiners in eastern Germany and Poland, with non-Russian deliveries into the Polish port of Gdansk hitting at least seven-year highs this month as they switch away from Russian supply, said Reuters.

Imports booked for May into Gdansk from Egypt, the United States, Norway, Britain and West Africa had hit 8.4 million barrels by May 16, their highest level according to Refinitiv Eikon ship tracking data that goes back to 2015.

At the same time, Russian crude booked for May into Gdansk and the port of Rostock stood at 700,000 barrels, down from a high of 12.9 million in May 2019, the data showed.

“Non-Russian sea-borne crude volumes towards Gdansk have increased at the expense of Russian barrels,” said Ioannis Papadimitriou, senior freight analyst with oil analytics firm Vortexa. The steep rise in such supply comes as Europe works toward an outright ban on Russian oil.

Imports into Gdansk from Norway in April and from the United States and via Egypt in May all hit highs, the Refinitiv data showed. Norwegian imports in April hit 2.2 million barrels, similar to U.S. volumes booked for May while those booked via Egypt this month have hit 5.7 million so far, the data showed.

“Poland is replacing Russian oil by Saudi crude oil supply via the Egyptian port of Sidi Kerir,” said Ehsan Ul-Haq, senior oil analyst at Refinitiv. “Crude imports from countries other than Russia are now at the highest in history."

In January, Saudi Aramco agreed to buy a 30% stake in Lotos, Poland’s second largest refinery, and to increase oil supplies to Poland’s top energy firm PKN Orlen to 200,000-337,000 barrels per day (bpd), denting Russia’s dominance in the region.

As per MRC, Oil prices were mixed on Monday as investor fears of a global recession spurred by lockdowns in China and weak economic data vied with signs the European Union was stepping closer to an import ban on Russian crude.
Brent crude was down 18 cents, or 0.2%, at USD111.37 a barrel at 1342 GMT, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude rose 2 cents, or less than 0.1%, to USD110.51 a barrel. The fall in oil prices "is chiefly due to the weak Chinese economic data, as the lockdown measures are having a direct impact on the world’s second-largest market," said Barbara Lambrecht, energy analyst at Commerzbank.

As per MRC, Russian fuel oil arrivals in the UAE oil hub of Fujairah are set to jump sharply to about 2.5 MM barrels this month, data shows, in a sign that flows of Russian oil and refined products are shifting away from Europe.

We remind, oil prices fell on Monday as concerns over weak economic growth in China, the world's top oil importer, overshadowed fears supply might be crimped by a potential European Union ban on Russian crude.
mrchub.com