MOSCOW (MRC) -- PKN Orlen says it has signed a final contract with Hyundai Engineering and Tecnicas Reunidas for the engineering and construction of the main units for PKN Orlen's previously announced Olefins Complex III project at Plock, Poland, said Chemengonline.
The project is due for completion in 2024. Following production launch, scheduled for early 2025, the share of crude oil used to manufacture petrochemical products in Plock will rise from 14% to 19%. This is all the more important given an expected drop in demand for refinery products and an expected increase, by as much as 80%, in demand for high-margin petrochemicals by 2050.
As part of the project, PKN ORLEN will consider shutting down the part of the olefin plant which was built over 40 years ago, with an ethylene production capacity of about 340,000 tonnes and lower operational and energy efficiency. The more modern part, with a capacity of about 300,000 tons of ethylene, is to be upgraded. Most importantly, however, PKN ORLEN will build a new Steam Cracker with a capacity of 740,000 tons of ethylene. Once the expansion of Olefins III is completed, the petrochemical plant in Plock will need around 1 million tonnes of additional feedstocks, which will be selected so as to maximise margins. The additional streams will come from the Plock refinery and other ORLEN Group refineries, as well as from the market in which Grupa LOTOS is a participant.
The Complex will comprise five additional production units: a new large ethylene oxide and glycol plant, a pyrolysis gasoline hydrogenation unit (PGH), an ethyl tertiary-butyl ether unit (ETBE), a styrene unit, and a generator unit (SGU). Once completed, Olefins Complex III will additionally increase PKN ORLEN’s capacity to produce other ethylene derivatives, delivering an extra margin and maximising the rate of return.
As per MRC, ORLEN Unipetrol (part of PKN Orlen), a large Czech manufacturer of petrochemical products, lifted force majeure circumstances on the supply of products from a polypropylene (PP) plant in Litvinov (Czech Republic) on June 22. Force majeure at this enterprise with a capacity of 345 thousand tons of PP per year was announced on May 28 of this year, and the plant was closed on May 25 due to a serious technical failure in the operation of the reactor and as a safety measure.
Ethylene and propylene are the main feedstocks for the production of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), respectively.
According to MRC's ScanPlast report, Russia's estimated PE consumption totalled 744,130 tonnes in the first four month of 2021, up by 4% year on year. Shipments of all PE grades increased. At the same time, PP deliveries to the Russian market were 523,900 tonnes in January-April 2021, up by 55% year on year. Supply of homopolymer PP and PP block copolymers increased, whereas shipments of PP random copolymers decreased.
Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen S.A. (PKN Orlen) is the largest Polish oil and gas company and one of the largest oil and gas companies in Europe. In Plock, the nominal capacity of the polypropylene (PP) line is 400 thousand tons per year. PKN Orlen owns a majority stake (63%) of the Czech polyolefin manufacturer Unipetrol. In addition, the largest Czech chemical manufacturer Spolana is also part of the Polish PKN Orlen group. The enterprise produces PVC, caprolactam, sulfuric acid, mineral fertilizers.