MOSCOW (MRC) -- Asian petrochemical makers are ramping up purchases of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) to use as an alternative feedstock to naphtha, looking to snap up cheap cargoes as heating demand for LPG fades in the wake of winter, reported Reuters.
LPG, often referred to as butane or propane, is commonly used in heaters or stoves in some countries, but can also be an ingredient in plastics used to churn out everything from drinks bottles to carrier bags.
Faltering demand for naphtha could drag on prices that have been in premiums to benchmark Japanese quotes for most of the year compared to discounts in the same period in 2016, while offering support to LPG markets.
Four traders said that Taiwan's Formosa Petrochemical Corp, Asia's top naphtha importer, last week bought its first spot LPG cargo of the year, with South Korea's LG Chem and Lotte Chemical also taking cargoes.
"Typically LPG prices fall in summer as heating demand weakens, and we increase our LPG purchase when prices are low," said LG Chem's spokesman, but he did not confirm any purchases.
Formosa's spokesman was unavailable for comments while Lotte Chemical has declined to comment.
"The Koreans and Formosa moved immediately when the value was in switch mode, (showing) impressive quickness," said one of the traders, who closely follows naphtha and LPG markets. He asked not to be identified as he was not authorized to speak with media.
Petrochemical companies in Asia are typically set up to shift around 5% to 15% of their feedstock to LPG when prices drop below 93% of the cost of naphtha.
Late last week, Asian spot propane price for cargoes to be delivered in the second half of May were less than 86% of naphtha's USD493.50 a ton.
The traders estimate that some 300,000 t of LPG is expected to replace naphtha in May, or around 7% of North Asia's naphtha demand. They said that could climb to 400,000 to 450,000 t in subsequent months.
"LPG prices will likely be weak relative to naphtha in the coming months, incentivizing petrochemical demand," said He Yanyu who leads Asia natural gas liquids market research at IHS Markit.
However, increased LPG purchases would likely mitigate the impact on naphtha markets from possible naphtha shipment delays from Qatar following a splitter outage.
And Asia is structurally short of naphtha, with a supply deficit averaging 4 MMt a month in 2016, data from IHS consulting firm showed.
We remind that, as MRC informed before, in early March 2017, top global oil exporter Saudi Arabia broke from the pack in the race to lock up Asian market share after agreeing to pump USD7 billion into a refinery-petrochemical complex in Malaysia. State oil giant Saudi Aramco's investment into Malaysia's RAPID project will secure an outlet for its crude oil for at least two decades and beefs up its downstream portfolio ahead of its initial public offering (IPO) next year. The competition in Asia among producers, including Russia and other Middle Eastern suppliers such as Iraq, Kuwait and Iran, is sharp. Asia's growing oil demand provides the only home for the producers' output, especially as they have lost market share in the United States to rising domestic shale oil production.
Under the deal with Malaysia's Petroliam Nasional Bhd (Petronas), Aramco will supply up to 70% of the crude for RAPID, which will consist of a 300,000 bpd oil refinery and petrochemical plants. Aramco has also strengthened its ties with Indonesia, Southeast Asia's largest economy, providing 270,000 bpd of crude to the Cilacap refinery owned by Pertamina after taking a 45% stake.