Ustyurt Gas Chemical Complex was inaugurated in Uzbekistan

MOSCOW (MRC) -- The Ustyurt Gas Chemical Complex at Surgil, Uzbekistan, has been inaugurated by South Korea's prime minister, Hwang Kyo-ahn; and his Uzbek counterpart, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, as per the government website of Uzbekistan.

The Surgil project was launched in 2006 by Uz-Kor a 50-50 joint venture of Uzbekneftegaz (Tashkent) and a Korean consortium comprising Lotte Chemical (Seoul), with 24.5%; Korea Gas Corp. (Seoul), 22.5%; and GS E&R (Seoul), 3%. The $4-billion complex consists of five plants: a gas-separation plant; ethylene, polyethylene (PE), and polypropylene (PP) production plants; and a power generation and modern infrastructure facilities.

The complex is expected to annually process 4.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas, produce up to 4 billion cubic meters of marketable gas, 387,000 tons of polyethylene, 83,000 tons polypropylene. It is considered that the main consumers will be Eastern Europe, Turkey and subsequently the western regions of China. The resource base of the project is Surgil, Vostochniy Berdah-Uchsay and Severniy Berdah fields.

Consortium of Korean companies joined Uzbekneftegaz to establish the Uz-Kor Gas Chemical joint venture in May, 2008. Ustyurt GCC project was implemented on a parity basis. Korean companies Korea Gas Corporation (Kogas), Lotte and STX Energy participated in the development of the project.

General contractors of the project were the Korean Samsung Engineering, GS Engineering and Hyundai Engineering. The construction of the complex began in 2011. The total cost of the project amounts to USD 4 billion. Participants of the project allocated approximately USD1.4 billion and attracted about USD2.5 billion from financial institutions in order to implement the project.

Global EVA demand to register 5.1% CAGR from 2015 to 2023

MOSCOW (MRC) -- The global Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) market was valued at USD7.29 bln in 2014, and is estimated to reach USD11.41 bln by 2023, expanding at a CAGR of 5.1% between 2015 and 2023, as per Plastemart with reference to Transparency Market Research.

Chemically EVA is a co-polymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate monomer where the weight percentage of vinyl acetate ranges between 1% and 40%. Ethylene vinyl acetate has excellent properties such as adhesive strength, elasticity, toughness, flexibility, and impact strength. The chemical compound offers resistance to environmental stress cracks, puncture, and UV radiation. It is widely used for various applications including photovoltaic cells, films, foams, hot melt adhesives, and wires and cables.

The report states that the growth in the flexible packaging films market has propelled the demand for ethylene vinyl acetate. However, the global ethylene vinyl acetate market is expected to be negatively affected by volatility in raw material prices and the availability of substitute compounds. The overall market has a huge opportunity to grow with the rapid expansion of the photovoltaic cell industry.

On the basis of product type, the report segments the global ethylene vinyl acetate market into high EVA, low EVA, and very low EVA. In 2014, low EVA dominated the market due to its extensive applications in foams and films. However, during the forecast period, high EVA is anticipated to be the fastest growing product segment.

The report studies the global ethylene vinyl acetate market across some of the key regions such as Europe, North America, Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America. In 2014, in terms of volume, Asia Pacific dominated the overall market with over a share of over 35%. During the forecast horizon, the region is anticipated to witness the fastest growth due to the growing demand from countries such as India, Japan, and China.
Ethylene vinyl acetate is widely used in photovoltaic cell encapsulation and foams used in shoe soles. The aforementioned countries are the major producers of footwear and solar cells and hence, contribute majorly towards the growth of the market.

By 2023, China is anticipated to be the major consumer of ethylene vinyl acetate, followed by the Rest of Asia Pacific and ASEAN regions. North America was the second largest consumer of ethylene vinyl acetate, followed by Europe. In the coming years, Latin America and the Middle East and Africa are expected to be the emerging markets.

We remind that, as MRC wrote previously, South Korea-based Hanwha Total Petrochemical Co. is expanding its business into the global high value-added EVA market by commercial production using the tubular reactor polymerization process for the first time in the world, and investing in facilities, including the expansion of the second EVA plant. Hanwha Total has established EVA production facilities of 320,000 tpa. The company expects to turn over 1.5 trillion won (USD1.28 billion) in solar EVA products alone in the next five years. The company achieved a 35% share in the global solar encapsulment EVA market amounting to 350,000 tons, being ranked first.

Middle East, SE Asia polyethylene to be displaced as China, India import demand shrinks

MOSCOW (MRC) -- Net demand from the two biggest polyethylene (PE) import markets in Asia - China and India - will decrease, lending to a displacement of Middle Eastern and Southeast Asian material globally, according to market participants on the sidelines of the Asian Petrochemical Industry Conference which runs May 19-20 in Singapore, reported Apic-online.

Traders put net 2016 import estimates of China at slightly more than 8 million mt/year while India is expected to import just under 1 million mt this year, about 20-30% less than last year's volumes.

This was due to upcoming capacity in China, Iran and India amounting to around 3 million mt/year. They will dominate the commodity grade polyethylene market for year to come as Middle Eastern producers starts to manufacture more of the specialty PE grades, the market sources added.

As the biggest polyethylene demand center China gradually imports less, Middle Eastern and Southeast Asian supplies to China would need to find a new home, according to market observers.

As MRC wrote previously, according to new analysis from IHS, a surge in new plastics chemical capacity from low-cost producers in North America (NA), the Middle East and China is driving an oversupply of PE and polypropylene (PP), pressuring margins and potentially altering the global competitive landscape.

French strike not hurting refinery output of ExxonMobil

MOSCOW (MRC) -- The ongoing anti-labor reform strike that has paralyzed some sectors of the French oil industry and disrupted fuel supply has not impacted output at ExxonMobil's two refineries, said Hydrocarbonprocessing, citing a spokeswoman of the company.

Striking workers were however blockading its oil terminal in Southern France, the spokeswoman said.

The company operates two of France's eight refineries. The 240-Mbpd Port Jerome-Gravenchon refinery near Le Havre port in northern France, and the 140-Mbpd Fos-sur-Mer refinery near Marseille in the south.

As MRC informed earlier, in mid-May, a 37-year-old contract worker from Brownsville, Texas, died early Wednesday morning near a unit under maintenance at ExxonMobil's Beaumont refinery. The worker was struck in the head and neck area by piping that was being removed from a heat exchanger, a local sheriff's office spokesperson said, according to the report.

ExxonMobil is the largest non-government owned company in the energy industry and produces about 3% of the world's oil and about 2% of the world's energy.

Honeywell breaks ground on advanced Chinese coal-to-olefins plant

MOSCOW (MRC) -- Honeywell announced that its Honeywell UOP business broke ground on a new manufacturing capacity outside Shanghai to produce materials used to convert methanol from coal into feedstocks for making plastics, a significant milestone to enable China to meet the growing demand for plastics, said Hydrocarbonprocessing.

When it enters production in 2017, the catalyst production line in Zhangjiagang City in Jiangsu Province will produce state-of-the-art catalysts used in Honeywell UOP’s Advanced Methanol-to-Olefins (MTO) process technology.

Honeywell UOP developed the MTO process to convert methanol, which can readily be produced from coal or natural gas, into the olefins ethylene and propylene that are the primary chemicals used to manufacture plastics. The heart of the MTO process is a proprietary catalyst that facilitates the conversion of methanol into olefins.

In 2011, Wison Clean Energy Company became the first company to license the Honeywell UOP MTO process, which entered commercial production in 2013. Since that time, seven other companies concluded MTO licensing agreements with Honeywell UOP. The most recent of these was Luxi Chemical Group last December.

While global demand for ethylene and propylene is growing by 4% to 5% per year, China is expected to invest more than USD100 billion in coal-to-chemicals technology by 2020. This would reduce China’s dependence on imported oil for the manufacture of plastic resins, films and fibers that are used to make millions of different products.

Honeywell’s facility in Zhangjiagang opened in 2015. It produces other types of catalysts that are used in Honeywell UOP’s Oleflex process, which converts propane into propylene, and in continuous catalyst regeneration (CCR) Platforming, which is used to produce high-octane gasoline. Over the past five years, Honeywell UOP has licensed its Oleflex technology to 30 producers globally, including 23 in China.

Honeywell UOP has an 80-year history in China, beginning in 1937 when it built one of China’s first refineries in Yumen. It was one of the first American companies invited back to China during the 1970s, to help modernize the Chinese petroleum industry. More recently, Honeywell UOP hydroprocessing and Platforming technology has helped China develop cleaner-burning transportation fuels to combat air pollution.